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巧用地理思维 妙解历史综合题
发布时间:2021-06-14 19:58访问

  All the historical activities of human society are carried out in a certain space,And to a certain extent, it is restricted by geographical factors.This is exactly the "geographical factor" of the phenomenon of human social activities mentioned in the "Examination Notes" of the comprehensive liberal arts.Aiming at the comprehensive historical questions that incorporate geographical knowledge in the comprehensive papers of the college entrance examination in recent years,The author briefly talks about how to use geographic thinking to crack,For your reference.

  1. Use the time regularity in geographical factors to determine the timeliness of human social activities

  Under the comprehensive test of liberal arts,We can use the time regularity of nature to judge the timeliness of human social activities in comprehensive questions about history and geography.

  Example 1 The maritime (trade) exchanges in Song Dynasty mostly sailed from Japan to China's Jiangsu and Zhejiang coasts in March and April.From the coast of Jiangsu and Zhejiang to Japan in May and June.This choice of sailing time is mainly for (2000 National Comprehensive Test Questions) ()

  A. Avoid the activities of Japanese pirates B. Obey the imperial court's regulations on maritime prohibition

  C. Use the ocean to return D. Use the monsoon

  Example 2 At that time (Yuan Dynasty), the best time to sail from Wenzhou to Zhenla (Cambodia) was (2004 National Comprehensive Examination Questions) ()

  一种, November-December B, March-April C, May-June D, July-August

  Analysis: The subject of this question is a typical historical situation.The alternatives are to confuse candidates with a mixture of historical and geographic scenarios or a single geographic scenario.It is a better comprehensive question of history and geography.Due to the change of time and season,The characteristics of regional geographical natural phenomena also change accordingly,Human social activities are based on changes in these characteristics,Or avoid or take advantage.therefore,Whether it's the round-trip time for maritime trade in the Song Dynasty or going to Cambodia in the Yuan Dynasty,Are all using regional geographical factors,East Asia is in a temperate and subtropical monsoon climate,The natural law of wind direction changing with the seasons,In order to choose the time for sailing with wind power as the power.所以, 正确的答案是D和A。另一个例子,2003年《国家综合报告》第40题的第(2)题:“英吉利海峡不同季节的天气状况发生了什么变化?为什么会发生这种变化?它对过海有什么影响?(提示:在气压和风带的季节性运动中,风和气压的强度也会改变。)”这个问题也属于这种综合性问题,它使用地理思维来回答历史问题。

  2。 使用地理因素中的交通特征来确定影响人类社会活动的空间和区域范围

  人类社会活动是在某个地理空间区域内进行的,其活动的空间范围,受地形和交通等地理因素的限制。平坦的地形和便利的交通将扩大活动范围,否则会收缩。这使历史和地理紧密结合在一起,所以, 我们可以利用地理知识中的交通环境特征来分析历史时期人类社会活动的空间范围。提高回答综合测试问题的能力。

  例3当时(北宋)主要生产通过边河运到东京的大米(2002年国家综合测试题)()

  A, 华北平原B 汉中平原C 太湖平原D, 江汉平原

  分析:人类社会活动的空间范围,受地形和交通等地理因素的限制。平坦的地形和便利的交通将扩大活动范围,否则会收缩。这使历史和地理紧密结合。就像这个问题一样词干是历史知识,选项是明显的地理术语。同时, 钱的标题强调“水路”运输,所以, 学生必须基于某些历史事实(例如, 京杭运河连接淮河和长江。 太湖流域是宋代水稻产量最高的地区,您还必须熟悉地理因素中的河网系统(the河通过运河与淮河和长江相连,它还通过运河的江南河与太湖流域相连,为了正确提出正确的选项作为C。另一个例子,在2001年, 问题41, 问题(1), “一个地区(几内亚湾的热带雨林地区), 2001年论文的自然环境限制了当时殖民地的扩张。“这也属于这类综合问题。