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盘点和中国文化有关的热门词汇
发布时间:2021-06-15 12:38访问

  爱国主义精神 patriotism

  诚实守信 honesty

  公民道德建设实施纲要 The Program for Improving Civic Morality

  集体主义 collectivism

  弘扬主旋律,提倡多样化 highlight the central theme of the times while encouraging diversity

  全民健身运动 nationwide fitness campaign

  社会公德,职业道德和家庭美德教育

  education in social and professional ethics and family virtues

  为人民服务 serving the people

  深入群众,深入生活 go deep among the masses and into the thick of life

  奉献无愧于时代的作品 contribute to the people works worthy of the times

  中华文明博大精深,源远流长

  The Chinese civilization is extensive and profound , and has a long history

  重要文化遗产 major cultural heritage

  优秀民间艺术 outstanding folk arts

  自立于世界民族之林 stand proudly in the family of nations

  艺术及工艺 Arts and Crafts

  版画 engraving

  贝雕画 shell carving picture

  彩塑 painted sculpture

  瓷器 porcelain; china

  刺绣 embroidery

  雕刻 carving

  宫灯 palace lantern

  国画 Chinese painting

  剪纸 paper-cut

  景德镇瓷 Jingdezhen porcelain

  景泰蓝 cloisonné enamel

  蜡染 batik

  卖秸画 straw patchwork

  木/石/竹刻 wood/stone/bamboo carving

  木刻画 wood engraving

  泥人儿 clay figure

  皮影 shadow puppet

  漆画 lacquer painting

  漆器 lacquer ware

  双面绣 two-sided embroidery

  水墨画 Chinese brush drawing ; ink and wash painting

  檀香扇 sandalwood fan

  唐三彩 Tang tri-colored pottery

  陶器 pottery ; earthenware

  图章 seal

  拓碑 making rubbings from inscriptions , pictures , etc . on stone tablets

  拓片 rubbing

  微雕 miniature engraving

  象牙雕刻 ivory carving

  宜兴陶 Yixing pottery

  篆刻 seal cutting

  戏剧表演 Theatrical Performances

  京剧人物脸谱types of facial makeup in Beijing opera

  生male characters

  末middle-aged male characters

  净“painted face” characters

  旦female characters

  丑clown

  京剧票友amateur performer of Peking Opera

  木偶戏puppet show

  独角戏monodrama; one-man play

  皮影戏shadow play ; leather-silhouette show

  折子戏opera highlights

  戏剧小品skit

  哑剧dumb show ; mime ; mummery ; pantomime

  单口相声monologue comic talk

  双口相声witty dialogue

  口技vocal imitations ; ventriloquism

  说书monologue story-telling

  杂技acrobatic performance

  叠罗汉making a human pyramid

  特技stunt

  睬高跷stilt walk

  马戏circus performances

  神话人物Mythological Figures

  八仙the Eight Immortals

  嫦娥Chang’s ( the Chinese moon goddess)

  伏羲Fu Xi (God of Fishery and Husbandry)

  福禄寿三星the three gods of fortune , prosperity and longevity

  共工God of Water

  后羿Houyi (a legendary hero who shot down nine suns )

  黄帝Yellow Emperor

  夸父Kuafu (a fabled sun-chasing giant )

  女Goddess of Sky-patching

  盘古 Pan Gu (creator of the universe )

  神农 Patron of Agriculture

  禹 Yu ( the reputed founder of the Xia Dynasty )

  祝融 God of Fire

  古代建筑 Ancient Architecture

  塔 pagoda

  琉璃塔 glazed stupa

  舍利塔 dagoba ; sarira stupa ( a pagoda for Buddhist relics )

  舍利子 sarira remains from cremation of Buddha’s of saints’ body

  喇叭塔 Lamaist pagoda

  楼 storied buildings

  钟楼 bell tower

  鼓楼 drum tower

  阁 pavilion

  烽火台 beacon tower

  华表 ornamental column

  牌坊 memorial archway

  传统节日 Traditional Festivals

  拜年 paying a New Year call

  爆竹 firecracker

  鞭炮 a string of small firecrackers

  除夕 New Year’s Eve

  春节 Spring Festival

  春联 Spring Festival couplets (conveying best wishes for the year )

  辞旧迎新 bid farewell to the old and usher in the new ; ring out the old year and ring in the new

  大扫除 year-end household cleaning

  灯谜 lantern riddles

  登高 hill climbing

  端午节 Dragon Boat Festival

  恭喜发财 May you be prosperous! / Wish you all the best !

  观灯 viewing the lanterns

  贺年片 New Year film

  饺子 dumplings (with meat and vegetable stuffing )

  龙灯舞 dragon lantern dance

  庙会 temple fair

  年画 New Year picture

  年夜饭 family reunion dinner on Lunar New Year’s Eve

  清明节 Tomb-sweeping Festival

  扫墓 paying respect to the dead

  赏菊 enjoying chrysanthemum

  赏月 enjoying the full moon

  狮子舞 lion dance

  压岁钱 money given to children as a Lunar New Year gift

  秧歌舞 yangge dance

  元宵 sweet rice-flour dumplings (eaten on the Lantern Festival )

  元宵节 Lantern Festival

  月饼 moon cake

  植树节 Tree-planting Day

  中秋节 Mid-autumn Festival

  重阳节 Double Ninth Festival

  粽子 a pyramid-shaped dumpling made of glutinous rice wrapped in bamboo or reed leaves

  烹饪 Culinary Arts

  美食节 gourmet festival

  中餐烹饪 Chinese cuisine

  色,香,味俱全 perfect combination of color , aroma , taste and appearance

  四大菜系:山东菜,四川菜,粤菜,扬州菜

  four major Chinese cuisines: Shandong cuisine , Sichuan cuisine , Canton cuisine and Yangzhou

  cuisine

  南淡北咸,东甜西辣 the light southern cuisine , and the salty northern cuisine ;the sweet eastern cuisine , and the spicy western cuisine

  八宝菜 eight-treasure pickles ( assorted walnut meats , asparagus , lettuce , almonds , cucumber and peanuts , etc . pickled in soy sauce )

  八宝饭 eight-treasure rice pudding (glutinous rice steamed with preserved fruits , sweetened bean paste , lotus seeds , longan , etc.)

  白斩鸡 tender boiled chicken (made by boiling a whole chicken in water and cutting into cubes , then dipping into seasonings )

  臭豆腐 odd-odour bean curb

  粉蒸肉 pork streamed with rice flour

  风味小吃 local delicacy

  腐竹 rolls of dried bean milk cream

  冷盘 hors d’oeuvres

  萨其马 Manchu candied fritter cut in squares

  刀切,火候 Cutting and Slicing Techniques , Heat Control

  切片 slicing

  切条 cutting to strips

  切丝 shredding

  切柳 filleting

  切丁 dicing

  切碎 mincing

  磨碎 grinding

  大/旺/武火 strong heat

  中火 medium heat

  小/微/文火 gentle heat

  烹饪方法 Cooking Techniques

  煎 pan-frying

  炒 stir-frying

  爆 quick-frying

  炸 deep-frying

  烩 stewing

  熏 smoking

  煨 simmering

  煮 boiling

  烘 baking

  烤 roasting

  蒸 steaming

  红烧 braising (with soy sauce )

  涮羊肉 dip-boiled mutton slices

  羊肉串小摊 mutton barbecue stall

  宗教 Religions

  佛教 Buddhism

  释迦牟尼 Sakyamuni

  佛寺 Buddhist temple

  大雄宝殿 the Great Buddha’s Hall

  藏经楼 depositary of Buddhist texts

  金刚经 Vajracchedika-sutra

  素菜馆 vegetarian restaurant

  罗汉堂 arhat hall

  观音 Guanyin; Goddess of Mercy; Avalokitesvara

  地藏 God of Earth

  四大金刚 Four Heavenly Guardians (at the entrance to a Buddhism temple);Four Devarajas

  四大天王 Four Heavenly Kings

  因果报应 karma

  藏传佛教 Lamaism

  大藏经 Tripitaka

  转世灵童 reincarnated soul boy

  喇嘛庙 lamasery

  道教 Taoism

  道观 Taoist temple

  道士 Taoist priest

  关帝庙 temple of Lord Guan

  儒教 Confucianism

  孔子庙 Confucian temple

  孔子 Confucius

  义,礼,智,信,忠,恕,孝,悌

  rightness, propriety , wisdom , trustworthiness , loyalty , reciprocity ,filial piety , brotherly love

  学儿优则仕 A good scholar can become an official He who excels in study can follow an official career .

  禅宗 Zen Buddhism

  不立别传,不立文字,直指人心,见性成佛。

  There belief is passed on outside the religion

  There is no reliance on written scripts

  It goes straight into people’s minds .

  One becomes a Buddha the moment

  He sees his own Buddha nature .

  伊斯兰教 Islam

  清真寺 mosques

  古兰经 the Koran

  耶稣教 Christianity

  耶稣基督 Jesus Christ

  洗礼 baptism

  天主教 Catholicism

  天主教堂 Catholic church

  古代典籍 Famous Ancient Books

  《 春秋 》 The Spring and Autumn Annals

  《 史记 》 Historical Records

  《 诗经 》 The Book of Songs

  《 书经 》 The Book of History

  《 易经 》 The Book of Changes

  《 礼记 》 The Book of Rites

  四书: The Four Books:

  《 大学 》 The Great Learning

  《 中庸 》 The Doctrine of the Mean

  《 论语 》 The Analects of Confucius

  《 孟子 》 The Mencius

  《 山海经 》 The Classic of Mountains and Rivers

  《 本草纲目 》 Compendium of Materia Medica

  《 资治通鉴 》 History Retold as a Mirror for Rulers

  《 西厢记》 The Romance of West Chamber

  《 三国演义 》 The Romance of the Three Kingdoms

  《 水浒传 》 Heroes of the Marshes ; Water Margins

  《 西游记 》 Pilgrimage to the West

  《 红楼梦 》 Dream of the Red Mansions ; The story of the Stone

  《 聊斋志异 》 Strange Tales of a Lonely Studio

  六艺:礼,乐,射,御,书,数

  six classical arts: rites , music , archery , riding , writing , arithmetic

  朦胧诗misty poetry

  三字经three-character scripture

  武侠小说tales of roving knights; martial arts novel ; a kung fu novel

  言情小说romantic fiction ; sentimental novel

  八股文eight-part essay ; stereotyped writing

  五言绝句five-character quatrain

  七言律诗seven-character octave