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巧记初中英语单词
发布时间:2021-06-15 12:48访问

  巧记初中英语单词

  凌秀珍

  (江西省安义县第二中学)

  摘 要:单词记忆是初中生英语学习的基础,词汇是语法和英文阅读以及写作的基石,如何快速长久地增加词汇量是英语教学的首要任务。就如何对英文单词进行记忆进行抛砖引玉的介绍,为英语教师提供借鉴。

  关键词:初中;英语;单词;记忆;联想;谐音

  对于初中生来说英语作为一门外语毕竟和母语不同,大多学生没有语境,开始都是被动地接受。英文单词和汉语又存在较大差距,背单词就成为比较枯燥的过程之一。没有兴趣,遗忘就比较快。所以运用多种记忆方法,快速持久地记住单词是每个教师和学生都要掌握的技巧。

  一、科学掌握记忆周期

  德国著名的心理学家艾宾浩斯总结出人类的遗忘规律:遗忘的规律是先快后慢,最初记住的事物,一般几个小时内很容易被遗忘。四至七天不刺激,记忆将受到抑制,几乎全部消失。同时他的实验还发现遗忘主要受记忆材料的性质这一因素的制约,也就是感兴趣的记忆深刻,感觉乏味无聊的容易忘记。所以单词记住后一定要通过读课文或背课文来巩固,或按照遗忘曲线来复习。

  首先,根据初中生心理特点建议10分钟内背诵不超过20个单词,在10分钟内反复背诵这些不要贪多,强化印象。第二步在第一遍复习结束,30分钟后再背一遍,写错的重新背诵,让刚刚记住的单词印象更加深刻。以此类推,第三步记忆周期为24小时,然后是一周,最后是一个月。这样学生就能很好地实现将单词的短期记忆转化为长期记忆。

  二、联想记忆法

  单词的联想记忆法包括自然联想记忆和荒谬联想记忆。自然联想比较简单,即根据读音规则进行记忆。荒谬联想可打破常规,自由联系,只要引起学生兴趣,达到记忆目的,加深印象即可。

  联想记忆比较生动有趣,比如:eye把两个e看成两只眼睛中间有一个气歪的鼻子。再如我们要记dolphin,可以想象一下湛蓝海水里游泳玩耍的海豚。nurse,脑海中出现白衣天使一样的护士形象。这样记单词生动形象,不易忘记。

  联想记忆能形成记忆链。平时只要回忆到任何一个相关单词就能回忆出全部单词和内容,比如新目标英语八年级下册Unit 1中的部分单词building,astronaut,rocket,space,space station,fly,took,moon,I’ll,fall这十个单词时,可以把这些词汇联系成:逃出大楼(building)的宇航员(astronaut)乘坐火箭(rocket)逃往太空(space),在太空站(space station)又飞往(fly)月球(moon)时我将(I’ll)早已准备好的高射炮把它击落(fall)了下来。联想的同时把这些过程图像化就会顺序不乱地记住这些单词。

  三、谐音记忆法

  谐音记忆法可以达到快速记忆英语词汇的目的,通过英文发音和中文单词的有机结合,就可以发挥学生的创造力和想象力,一扫以往背单词的枯燥乏味。This is also the introduction in "Chinese Partners" to learn foreign languages,It is estimated that most Chinese people started learning English words like this.E.g,betray: [bi′trei] :背叛;出卖;谐音:被踹 .college university,College,Homophony: Rely on determination.languid languid,Listless,Homophony: slacker.As long as the students find the right homophony by themselves,Memory becomes simple,"Mother never needs to worry about my studies again".

  Four, life memory method

  When seeing various objects and things in life, first think about which word corresponds to it.You can look up the dictionary if you don't know,Over time,The amount of words will increase greatly without the limitation of textbooks.Communicate more with classmates, family members, and teachers,Trying to use English is the most effective way of memorizing.After practical application,Words learned that may be unfamiliar will become familiar and three-dimensional,Imprinted deeply in my mind.

  Five, software memory method

  The arrival of the information age,Various learning software emerge in endlessly,Using appropriate English learning software is a relatively simple way.Some software has test functions,Some software sounds and images are synchronized,Higher learning efficiency.For example, "I Love Reciting Words" is a classic and efficient vocabulary memorizing software that started in 1996.The choice of 5 million users.The vocabulary reaches more than 300,000.The intelligent Ebbinghaus real-time moving-memory method allows you not to worry about "fool" shorthand; 78 mnemonic functions turn your computer into a super English learning machine; you can choose any words, self-made words MP3 and synchronized LRC files!

  The above memory skills,Maybe just the tip of the iceberg,Hope to play a role in attracting new ideas.No matter how good the method is, it is not a panacea.It takes hard work to achieve the ultimate goal,So first of all, we must have perseverance and goal,Then find the right way to learn English successfully.

  Reprinted from